The focus of our project is uniting our various Freeman families into their
true lines of descent and helping move our resesarch over the walls that
we so often encounter when documents have failed.
In the years since we received the results for our first test on November 8th
2002, we have verified numerous genealogies, have redirected several folks to
the ancestral lines they belong to and have presented data that has the potential
to correct age old errors in family lines and have found new cousins to share our
interest and pursuit in defining our lines of descent. Through our haplogroup
designation, several of us now have a much better idea of the migration paths
our ancestors followed thousands of years ago....and some of us have been
surprised with our ancient heritage. We still have several "orphan" families who
are awaiting a new testee who joins and who will match their line. Having passed our
9th year in existance we have had an exciting journey....and we look forward to continuing growth
and many more wonderful advances in our quest for our heritage. Thank you for
your continuing interest and support. DNA testing has evolved at a phenominal rate
and now offers us opportunities to expand our horizons in the Autosomal testing arena.
I have added a page with various land, will, and marriage data for early Virginia containing the
Freeman surname. Click on the tab, "Selected Early VA Records" on the left.
Our numbers continue to grow...not at a tremendous speed, but slow but sure. When we first
started out on our journey to find ancestral relationship through this new and exciting study
of DNA we did not know where it would lead. We've watched each test come back with
anticipation...anticipation of confirming our family line...or breaking down the barriers that
have plagued us and finding the pathway to our roots. We've reached some highs in excitement
...and we've experienced the let down when our test comes in as an "Orphan". Our anticipation
of finding descendants of the elusive Bridges Freeman Family of Virginia has still not been
realized...and we continue our search for a sibling line of descent in England to finally give us the
"real" lineage. Many have jumped in to sort out the pieces of data...and we are still left with
assumptions that can not be proven. I've studied the findings of reserchers who have poured
countless hours of research into finding "the key"...but have come up short of making an absolute
determination. DNA research can and does give us the promise of setting lines of descent
straight...but we have learned that "the" answer can be elusive as we search out the descendant
who will become involved and answer the questions once and for all. This is what DNA is all about,
and we are on the brink of seeing the benefits of DNA testing coming to light. The more participants
we have...the more valuable this project will become.
Much of the discussions on DNA testing is quite technical in nature, but John Blair, administrator of
the Blair DNA project has created a webpage called "DNA 101: Y-Chromosome testing" that breaks
down the basic terms and and concepts of what DNA technology is about into layman terms. You
can access his well done page at:
DNA 101. A number of excellent web pages have been created and are available for viewing on the web.
We have had our first Freeman descendant from England become a member of our project.
Although we did not find any familial ties to our current testees...we continue to hold out the
expectation that someone will join and make the leap across the pond. We are anxious to have
the participation of more of our English and European Freeman "cousins" in the hopes that they
may hold the key to tying our Freeman families back to their origins in the old country. In many
cases, many of the families from across the Atlantic have the same problems in tying down their
early ancestors as we do. Their participation could very well be beneficial to them as well as us.
The more participation we get from our male Freeman cousins..the better "picture" we will be
able to develop of our various Freeman family roots. We still need our male Freeman cousins who
are descended from early Colonial America to become involved. Ideally, our project will grow to
include Freeman descendants from each region in the Americas in our DNA database. Perhaps,
the day is not too far off when we will be able to add the DNA fingerprints of our English, Irish and
European Freeman family lines and we will have the potential to knock down many more of our brick
Every day, more and more DNA projects have their beginnings. Some of these groups have been
under way for some time and have the good fortunate to have European participants. They have
been successful in tying American and European ancestries to a common ancestries. Once the value
of using DNA becomes better known, it will become an important part of the family historians research
With the wide dispersion of Freeman family lines across the face of the early frontiers of the new
world, it has been an elusive ancestry to tie down. Our families have emerged from Colonial New
England, New Jersey and New York, Virginia, Pennsylvania, the Carolinas and across our borders to
the north. Wouldn't it be a major breakthrough to our research if we could find a familial link among
some of these various branches. There has been much speculation that there are links between the
Virginia and New Jersey Freeman families....but those bits of supporting documentation have eluded
us. DNA can also help us by eliminating research on those family lines where DNA markers show no
relationships are likely.
The Y-chromosome is used in genealogical testing and NO medical information is identified in the
DNA markers. The test is accomplished by a simple cheek swab with a special brush. Security and
confidentiality of all DNA test results is of the utmost importance of testing labs, and no information
is released without the participant's authorization. Normally, participants allow results be released
to project managers, but results are identified by coded "names" and no specific identification of
individuals is given. In cases where relational matches are found and participants have given specific
authority...they are given contact information so they can share genealogical research with other
members of their particular family line. The basic DNA tests for genealogical matching are the 12
marker test of the male Y-chromosome and identifies common ancestry in the 400 - 1000 years range.
We recommend the 37 marker test as a minimum, but that, of course, is your decision.
Most importantly, we want you to jump in and get your feet wet.
Some who have found matches with other participants choose to have tests expanded to the higher
marker tests. The expanded test can verify common ancestry occurred at some point within a much
Because Y-chromosome testing is limited to males, we ladies have to enlist the aid of brothers,
uncles or male cousins from our family line with the surname Freeman to act as our "proxy" I enlisted
the help of a 2nd cousin to act as our family line representative. Although not a formal part of our DNA
project, there are tests to link to the female line of descent and Autosomal test available for those who
may find that of interest.
I have provided several links on the left. The first link is to a Lineage Data Sheet where information
on your Freeman family line can be entered and sent by e-mail to me. I will add information I receive to
a database so we can get a feeling of where the Freeman lines came from geographically. You don't
need to participate in the DNA test in order to fill out the lineage data sheet and send it along. This
information will become very important when we begin looking for grouping patterns when our DNA
test results start coming back.
Thank you for your interest and hopefully you will come to see the value of building a DNA
database and will become a participant and help our base of knowledge grow.
Hope Freeman Carnicle